Terms and Definitions

PromoterRegion of DNA that initiates the transcription of a particular DNA sequence. Biology
DNADeoxyribonucleic acid -- stores biological information as a sequence of nucleotides (A, C,T, G)Biology
RNADNA like molecule that transfer the information from the DNA to the rest of the cell for building proteinsBiology
ProteinMolecules in the cell performing various functions.Biology
Amino acidBuilding block of proteins, there are a total of 20 unique amino acids. Biology
TranscriptionThe process of copying part of the DNA into RNABiology
TranslationThe process of reading the information in the RNA to assemble the protein encoded in the RNABiology
RibosomePart of the cell that does the translationBiology
TerminatorDNA region signals stop of the transcriptionBiology
Ribosome binding siteBiology
Metabolic engineeringBiology
DNA synthesisBiology
Neural NetworkBiologically inspired machine learning model whose structure activation of neurons in the brain.AI
Machine LearningDomain of algorithms that learn a model from data.AI
Reinforcement learningDomain of algorithms that look for the next best action to take given a rewards function.AI
Deep LearningA neural network with multiple layers from input to output.AI
Supervised LearningData mining or learning algorithms that use labeled training data. AI
Unsupervised LearningData mining or learning algorithms without the use labeled training data. AI
Turing TestTest developed by Alan Turing (in 1950) to evaluate a machine’s ability to exhibit intelligent behavior indistinguishable from behavior of a human.AI
Expert SystemUses databases of expert knowledge to offer advice or make decisions.AI
Knowledge RepresentationRepresenting information in a form that a computer system can use to reason about and solve tasks or problems.AI


AIAssociation for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI)Promote research in artificial intelligence (AI) and scientific exchange among AI researchers, practitioners, scientists, and engineers in affiliated disciplines.
AIInternational Joint Conferences on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI)Submissions are invited on significant, original, and previously unpublished research on all aspects of artificial intelligence. 
AIAAAI SymposiumsThe series affords participants a smaller, more intimate setting where they can share ideas and learn from each other's artificial intelligence research. Topics for the symposia change each year, and the limited seating capacity and relaxed atmosphere allow for workshoplike interaction. 
AIFlorida AI Research Society (FLAIRS)Presenting and discussing state of the art artificial intelligence and related research in a sociable atmosphere within a beautiful setting. 
AINeural Information Processing Systems (NIPS)Multi track, interdisciplinary conference that brings together researchers in machine learning, computational neuroscience, and their applications.
AIInternational Conference on Machine Learning (ICML)We invite submissions of papers on all topics related to machine learning. Accepted papers must contain significant novel results. Results can be either theoretical or empirical. Results will be judged on the degree to which they have been objectively established and/or their potential for scientific and technological impact. Reproducibility of results and easy availability of code will be taken into account in the decision-making process.
AIACM CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing SystemsThe ACM CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems is the premier international conference of Human-Computer Interaction. CHI  – pronounced ‘kai’ – is a place where researchers and practitioners gather from across the world to discuss the latest in interactive technology. We are a multicultural community from highly diverse backgrounds who together investigate new and creative ways for people to interact.
AIIntelligent User Interfaces (IUI)ACM IUI is where the Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) community meets the Artificial Intelligence (AI) community, with contributions from related fields such as psychology, behavioral science, cognitive science, computer graphics, design, the arts, and more. Our focus is to improve the interaction between humans and machines, by leveraging both HCI approaches and state-of-the art AI techniques from machine learning, natural language processing, data mining, knowledge representation and reasoning. We are also very interested in contributions from related fields, such as psychology, behavioral science, cognitive science, computer graphics, design, the arts, etc.
AIUser Interface Software and Technology (UIST)The ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology (UIST) is the premier forum for innovations in human-computer interfaces. Sponsored by ACM special interest groups on computer-human interaction (SIGCHI) and computer graphics (SIGGRAPH), UIST brings together people from diverse areas including graphical & web user interfaces, tangible & ubiquitous computing, virtual & augmented reality, multimedia, new input & output devices, and CSCW. 
AIDagstuhl SeminarsDagstuhl Seminars are frequently praised by participants as the most productive academic events they have ever experienced. This can be attributed to Dagstuhl's unique concept: Dagstul seminars promote personal interaction and open discussion of results as well as ideas. Unlike at most conferences, the focus is not solely on the presentation of established results but to equal parts on results, ideas, sketches, and open problems. Dagstuhl offers one of Germany's most comprehensive research libraries for computer science, meeting rooms of all sizes, and modern IT facilities. 
BiologyInternational Workshop on Bio-Design Automation (IWBDA)Brings together synthetic biology, systems biology, and design automation communities to discuss concepts, methodologies and software tools for the computational analysis and synthesis of biological systems
BiologySynthetic Biology: Engineering, Evolution & Design (SEED)Focused on advances in science, technology, applications, and related investments in the field of synthetic biology.
BiologyMammalian Synthetic Biology WorkshopThis workshop will explore the latest trends and advances in the field, including recent foundational accomplishments and applications in addressing challenges to human health and beyond. 
BiologyInternational Genetically Engineered Machine Competition (iGEM)Multidisciplinary teams work all summer long to build genetically engineered systems using standard biological parts
BiologyGordon Conference - Biological Modeling, Directed Evolution and Complexity from Design to ApplicationThis Gordon Research Conference on Synthetic Biology, and accompanying Gordon Research Seminar, will provide a multidisciplinary forum to discuss biology as an optimization engine, the latest analysis and design tools for the assembly of viable biological systems at all levels and, the application of biology.